Muscle Strain & Football
Overview of the
The Gastrocnemius, Soleus and Plantaris muscles
make up the calf muscle group. These muscles are all located
at the back of the lower leg. They primary function is to
pull the heel bone up when the individual is starting to walk
What is a Calf Muscle Strain?
Calf muscle strain or “pulled calf”
occurs when there is a tear on the calf muscle due to excessive
stretching. It is very common among footballers since some
footballs cause extreme force on the calf muscle which stretches
beyond its capabilities. Depending on the extent and severity
of the damage, calf muscle strain is categorized as first,
second or third degree.
A first degree calf muscle strain refers
to the damage of a few muscle fibres in the calf. At this
stage, signs and symptoms do not usually appear until the
activity which caused the damage is over. The player will
feel cramps or tightness during calf muscle stretching or
A second degree calf muscle strain
involves more calf muscle fibre damage. The pain occurs immediately
after the damage has been done. The individual will most likely
feel pain upon stretching, contracting and touching the calf.
A third degree calf muscle strain
involves extensive damage resulting to the complete rupture
of the calf muscle. It is serious in nature since the pain
is severe, and also characterized as burning or stabbing.
The player cannot walk effectively due to extreme pain. There
may be visible evidence of bruising due to internal tissue
bleeding and a large muscle tissue lump above the muscle tear.
During the initial stages, cold packs, anti-inflammatory
gels and a compression bandage will help reduce pain and swelling
of the calf muscle as well as stabilize the affected area.
It is advised to elevate the calf muscle to limit bleeding
and swelling in the torn muscles.
Reusable ice packs
During rehabilitation, players are advised to
do core strengthening and stability exercises with the aid
of exercise bands and a Swiss Ball below.
here to view exercise balls
The bands enhance scar tissue recovery. Calf
supports also reinforce the area when doing mobility
exercises. First degree calf muscle strains should be rested
from strenuous activities for 3 weeks, second degree strains
for 4 to 6 weeks and third degree strains for 3 months.
Warming up and cooling down are very effective
methods that should consistently be done at the start and
end of each workout. Warm ups should last around twenty minutes
to increase calf muscle temperature which prevents overstretching
while cool downs should last around five to ten minutes to
remove excess waste products and facilitate tissue healing.
It is also important to do stretching exercises
to improve muscle strength and flexibility. Shock-absorbent
insoles will help reduce impact on the calf muscles. Individuals
should also rest regularly and avoid continuing to play when
Foot Sports Insoles will take pressure off the calf muscle and
speed up recovery
Football Rescue Recommends
5 Star Rating
A one piece neoprene sleeve is used to provide
support and compression to the Calf and shin region. Ideal
for Calf muscle strain treatment and prevention
How it Works
The Vulkan Neoprene range features premium quality
neoprene that offers the best possible combination of support,
compression, heat retention and comfort. Vulkan Neoprene has
a unique spiral lining which is critical in removing excess
sweat which avoids skin problems and is more comfortable to
By retaining heat there is an increase in the
elasticity of the soft tissues. This is helpful for the treatment
and prevention of Calf muscle strains. By increasing local
blood flow, healing and recovery times can be reduced following
a pulled calf.
When to use it
It can be used for the treatment and prevention
of a pulled Calf muscle. It can also provide support and reassurance
following recovery from a broken shin.
the Calf Support which is ideal for calf muscle strain treatment
Also THE PRO STRETCH
The Pro Stretch Step Stretch stretching device
is recommended as a way to both treat and prevent Calf Pain,
Achilles tendonitis, Heel Pain and Foot Arch discomfort. While
many people do remember to stretch both before and after exercising,
many people are not stretching properly, and that’s
where the Pro Stretch Step Stretch device is helpful.
The Pro Stretch Step Stretch device helps
you properly do stretches so you don’t injure yourself.
here to view the pro stretch